For I do not want you to be unaware, brothers, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, and all ate the same spiritual food, and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual Rock that followed them, and the Rock was Christ. (1 Corinthians 10:1-4)
As I said last week, many incidents in the Old Testament are clearly stated in the New Testament as being shadows of Jesus. This week is no exception as the Apostle Paul states clearly in his letter to the Corinthians that Jesus represents the rock that was struck at Horeb. The Israelites as usual had been grumbling and moaning once again about the lack of water. So much so that Moses was afraid for his life as they were obviously threatening him;
So Moses cried to the Lord, “What shall I do with this people? They are almost ready to stone me.” And the Lord said to Moses, “Pass on before the people, taking with you some of the elders of Israel, and take in your hand the staff with which you struck the Nile, and go. Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb, and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it, and the people will drink.” And Moses did so, in the sight of the elders of Israel. And he called the name of the place Massah and Meribah, because of the quarreling of the people of Israel, and because they tested the Lord by saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?” (Exodus 17:4-7)
The striking of the rock foreshadowed Jesus being struck on the cross which would then allow the water of the Holy Spirit to flow forth
Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief (Isaiah 53:10)
The people then were physically thirsty just as now people are spiritually thirsty. They were undeserving of this mazing miracle just as we are undeserving to receive this amazing free gift. In fact we all do our fair share of moaning and complaining. Just as in the wilderness God’s grace was shown to a rebellious people by Moses striking the rock, so God shows his grace for all people by striking His precious son.
He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. (I Peter 2:24)
The water that flowed out of the rock would soon dry up and would not quench people’s thirst continually. The water that Jesus supplies is available for all eternity. Speaking to the woman at the well..
Jesus said to her, “Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again. The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life.” (John 4:13–14)